What Should You Expect When it Comes to Interface Control Testing?

In today’s business scenario, testing or auditing automated interface controls is highly important. That’s because interface controls always make sure that the data sent as well as received back and forth applications is thoroughly reconciled and all errors get identified right on time. Actually, the interface is a term used for referring to a particular software application which consists of complete sets of messages, commands, images as well as other crucial features which facilitate communication back and forth a particular device and its user.

Interface controls thus are extremely important for preventing interface risks – especially in the instances where external or internal interfaces might not at all be designed or defined or monitored. As a part of the underlying interface controls testing, all IT auditors must remember that efficient interface controls can ease error detection, stop or detect errors and implement user driven controls for efficient monitoring. However, there’re some special kinds of controls that call for thorough testing, since it’s a typical part and parcel of the interface. These testing could include a wide selection of things. First of all, the data that is sent will be converted into the right format before they’re sent to any other applications.

Thus errors usually are logged as well as notified right to the owner of the interface control. And sometimes mishaps happen and connections are broken. In those cases, applications can easily restore to an efficient processing point. Usually, checkpoints are thoroughly used for ensuring that the data transfer has been thoroughly complete as well as accurate. Editing as well as validation checks can be used for capturing invalid data during the interface time. As you can guess, interface testing of software is only 1 amongst the numerous kinds of software control testing tools, which usually are implemented by most software engineers when they develop software applications.

Thus, automated control testing happens to be among the most typical software testing approaches today. Without this, software engineers might have to go through the painful process of performing software tests and quality assurance test manually. Nonetheless, in most of the cases, software automation tests call for a primary manual testing system to be programmed beforehand. They also require that the system thoroughly conforms to the formalized testing procedures. For automating the whole process, specialized software applications are used for control test implementations or executions.

These things are like burning pre-conditions as well as requirements for your test. Similarly, you need to compare the actual outcomes to the predicted results. As automated testing easily enables software developers to efficiently save much of their time or energy, manual testing will still be needed for further intricate tests. There are many useful testing methods which can’t be thoroughly used in interface testing.

While interface testing happens to be among the crucial software tests for assuring the overall quality of various software products, you need to be smart with your moves and actions. In the totality, all human beings usually are capable of communicating with hardware throughout an interface. Today, a large number of companies make use of interface control testing for ensuring that all their customers or clientele do not come across problems while using software products after it’s delivered to them.

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Choosing A Cable For A Laser Printer, LaserJet and Inkjet Printer Interface

The two most common printer types on the market today are the laser printer and the inkjet printer. These two printer types are widely utilised in business, organisations, private dwellings, institutions and government offices throughout many countries. As a result, manufacturers have produced copious quantities of laser and inkjet printer devices, with each printer built to a specific set of hardware standards. The standards the printers must conform to are set by the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) and International Standards Organisation (ISO).

Printer manufacturers have implemented various interfaces for printer connection on laser and inkjet printers. Moreover, several large technology Companies have developed their own interface to interconnect with printers for many reasons, such as for a new product line release, as well as, for strategic marketing. However, most manufacturers adopt the common interface relevant to industry standards at the time. Furthermore with technology advancements in transmitting data between computers has ensured interfaces have changed accordingly, for example USB 3.0 SuperSpeed specification was developed in 2008 (USB standard in 1996), and has subsequently been integrated into numerous printer interfaces since. Additionally, the widespread use of USB interface around the world has ensured printer manufacturers incorporate this interface on many new devices.

The DB25 interface was commonly found on the rear of many computers and printers up until it was superseded by USB. The DB25 pin parallel interface and Centronics 36 pin parallel interface connections became widely utilised to interconnect with printers for a time. For example, when IBM computers were dominating the market they required a DB25 pin connector to Centronics 36pin connector type cable to interconnect with their machines. Hence, even non-IBM devices were manufactured to be compatible with DB25 and Centronic parallel interfaces to compete for market share. However the DB25 interface and Centronics 36 pin Interface (also known as IEEE 1284) was rapidly being replaced with USB interface on both printers and computers for preferred peripheral interconnection.

The DB25 interface is generally not hot-swappable like USB interface is. Thus USB technology being hot-swappable provides a significant enhancement over the older DB25 technology. However a disadvantage for USB interface cables is the restricted maximum length, for instance a USB cable is limited to maximum 5 metres between devices because of significant performance drop in transmitting signal data over 5 metres. To overcome the 5 metres limit some people have used a USB booster which can satisfactorily cope with longer runs between some devices. Furthermore the ideal option for longer runs is to implement Ethernet hardware and cabling, such as for network printer installation. You’ll find Ethernet printer Interconnection the preferred installation for most businesses and organisations.

A DB25 parallel cable can be used for longer runs than USB, I.e. Usually for distances up to 10 metres satisfactorily. You will find there are good quality parallel cables on the market, as well as some poor quality DB25 printer cables. Look for shielded type DB25 parallel printer cables for optimum results.

The ever-evolving advancements in technology have ensured users will at times mix-and-match interfaces to interconnect different devices. For instance, a new desktop computer may have USB connections, thus if you intend to connect an older printer with DB25 pin interface, you’ll have to select an appropriate cable. The latter cable will require a USB connector at one end while the other end will have a DB25 pin connector.

Wireless technology has also been incorporated into printers to interconnect with computers, and is an ideal solution for printer connectivity. There are numerous benefits implementing a wireless printer, for instance the obvious is fewer untidy cables in your home and office. Furthermore you could position the printer on the other side of the room without having to connect a cable between the PC to printer. In addition, remote printing via an email address is quite popular currently with new ePrint printers.

Finally, with smart phones, iPads and tablets being a huge part of our lives has highlighted the need for web-based printing solutions. Several printer manufacturers have been busy designing and developing new products to suit web-printing. Therefore you must consider carefully before impulse buying.

Scanner Types and Software Interface

Scanner Types

The scanner is a device that can scan optically text or images, objects etc. then it converts them into digital images. In offices nowadays can be found many flatbed scanners, very easy to use. The documents are placed on the glass and just by pushing a single button, the scan is done.

Another type of scanner is the one that can be held in the hand. The hand moves the device over the object. These scanning wands are used for engineering, industrial design, different tests and measurements, gaming and other applications.

Another type of scanner is a scanner with an automatic document feeder (ADF). This scanner can be used for documents in large formats where the flatbed design is highly impractical.

The modern types of scanners use a charge coupled device (CCD) or even a Contact Image Sensor (CIS). These are the modern image sensors. The old ones use the photomultiplier tube. Another type of drum scanner is the rotary scanner. Instead of the photomultiplier, this one uses a CCD array. Other scanner types are: planetary scanners, for books and documents and 3D scanners. The 3d ones produce three-dimensional models of the scanned objects.

The digital camera scanner is another type of scanner. The concept behind this is the use of reprographic cameras. This camera has increased resolution and some new features like the anti-shake option. These digital cameras are a very attractive alternative to the regular scanners. There are some disadvantages also like the: shadows, reflections, distortion, and low contrast). But still, the digital cameras bring advantages like speed, portability, and also a gentle handling of the thick documents, without doing any damage to the book spine. The newest scanning technologies combine the 3D scanners with the digital cameras. In this way, they create photo-realistic 3D models, full-color representations of the scanned objects. Also, in the biomedical area, the DNA detection devices are also named scanners. These ones have a very high resolution (up to 1 µm/ pixel), just like the microscopes. A photomultiplier tube (PMT) does the detection.

Applications Programming Interface

Applications like Adobe Photoshop are allowed and must communicate with all the scanners. Different scanners use different protocols. The programming had to be simplified to allow a good connection. This is how API (Applications Programming Interfaces) was created. API is a uniform interface that connects the scanner to different programs. This means you don’t need to know a lot about the scanner in order to connect it and get access to it in a direct way. For example, Adobe Photoshop supports TWAIN standard and this means that he can take images from a scanner that uses the same protocol. This is theoretically. In real life, there are communications problems quite often and they appear from the bad API implementation.

The majority of the scanner manufacturers use TWAIN API. Some time ago. This TWAIN API, was used for the low-end or home-uses equipment. Nowadays it has become very popular and used for the scanning of large-volumes.

Other API scanners

The ISIS, is made by Pixel Translations. It uses the SCSI-II for some performance reasons and large machines use it.

The SANE (Scanner Access Now Easy) is open source API program for accessing scanners. It is free and was first developed for the Unix and the Linux operating systems. It has been developed for Microsoft Windows and for OS/2, Mac OS X also. The downfall of this in comparison to the TWAIN, is that it doesn’t handle the user interface.

Benefits of Using USB Audio Interface

A good home recording studio should have a good audio device. The audio interface is a piece of equipment that handles the audio input and output from your computer. Contrary to common belief, a USB audio interface is not a sound card but rather much more than that; its proliferation is actually one of the best thing to happen to the industry of music technology. This simple device provides the best benefits that professional recording companies have been enjoying for a longest time but without the price that could very well match your second mortgage. Simply put, using this audio interface is the most affordable way to enjoy music recording.

A USB audio interface is a device that allows a computer with a sound card but with no audio socket, to be connected to external equipment through the USB socket. The specification of the USB characterizes a standard interface allowing the USB audio device with a single driver to work properly with the different USB sound gadgets and interfaces available on the market.

Many people are concerned about certain factors when taking into consideration using this type of audio device; the quality of the sound and the availability of the channels. A high speed USB audio interface is a better choice than a Firewire interface if you will be doing one or two channels at a single period of time and not more than that. That means that the number of available channels is limited by the USB device.

Audio quality on the other hand is affected by the kind and use of microphones and by the intensity of the signal of the audio. If the auditory signal is at the right level, USB audio devices do not have to do much to alter the sound of the audio; this means that the signal is plainly translated from analog signal to digital.


Generally, these audio devices are available in 2 categories the stereo and the multichannel devices and they are available in professional and consumer versions. And most are compatible with USB 1.0 as well as with USB 2.0, which makes it easy to get the device working with any computer produced within the last five years. This device connects to your computer with the use of an average USB connector and to the audio device with any kind of connectors.


These audio devices range from 3 x 1 inch and up and the sizes differ because of the variety and availability of the connectors that can be used. For a smaller USB device, a 1/8-inch port input with a 1/8-inch port output is ideal.

There are certainly many advantages in using USB audio interface and one such advantage is that it can be powered up by the USB port, which allows the device to be equally useful for laptops. One of the best benefits and the main reason why it is the most patronized audio interface is because it is highly affordable in comparison with a PCI-based sound interface. It can provide high quality audio recording result without ripping you off.

Pineal Gland: An Interface Between the Physical and the Spiritual

The pineal gland lies deep in the recesses of the human brain, but really it is shrouded in more mystery than one might realise. This reddish grey colour, pine cone shaped gland is no bigger than a humble pea, but its significance and presence far outweighs its physical appearances.

One of the last of the adrenal glands to be deciphered, the gland is an organ found in nearly all vertebrates. In humans it is found tucked away in a groove where the two hemispheres of the brain meet. Here in the epithalamus, near the centre of the brain, the pineal gland produces a hormone called melatonin. A derivative of the feel-good hormone serotonin, melatonin regulates our sleep patterns- both on an everyday basis and across the seasons. When and how you move in and out of sleep – including if you feel an urge to hibernate- may very well be the doing of your pineal gland. And this alone offers us the first clue to just how grand a role this little gland plays.

You see the gland is a gateway between worlds- whether the waking and the sleeping, the conscious and the subconscious, or the physical and the spiritual. By allowing us to experience these realms across the veils that separate them, the pineal gland emerges as a vital biological interface. Any surprise then that reference to the pineal gland can be found in pretty much every spiritual tradition- no matter how raw or complex in character- from across space and time. These traditions, in their own ways, regard the pineal gland as an integral component or step to spiritual and human evolution, often emerging as a prominent symbol.

In the yogic tradition, the gland is associated with the ajna chakra and third eye- the seat of psychic insight in the human body. This takes on a whole new significance when one considers that the pineal gland has been found to be similar to the physical eye- not just in its appearance, but also in that it too contains photo receptive cone cells. In fact, zoom across the oceans and a few thousand years to ancient Egypt, and we meet the Eye of Horus- a symbol for wisdom, protection and insight that is remarkably similar to the pineal gland in cross section.

The Buddhists too place great emphasis on the pineal and its purpose in our physical and spiritual journeys, seeking the Crystal Palace within in the area between the pineal and pituitary gland. To spiritual seekers thus the pineal gland is much more than an adrenal organ; this is the seat of human capacity for intuitive and psychic abilities as it is through the pineal that one transcends the limitations of our physical senses.

An Introduction To RIM Interface To SharePoint

If your workplace is concerned with a lot of records and how to store them securely then you may have heard the phrase RIM Interface to SharePoint being mentioned as a tangible solution. Not only is RIM Interface to SharePoint an effective way to hold records, it really is one of the best in terms of running a productive workplace.

However, these phrases from the outset can seem like jargon and difficult to wrap your head around, as somebody who perhaps just works for the organization and is not in charge or involved in the implementation of new systems. While you will eventually discover that these new systems are in fact extremely easy to grasp once they come into effect, it is always a good idea to do some research beforehand if you want to stand out in the workplace by having a basic understanding of what they mean before they are brought in.

If you seem like you have read up and researched beforehand information regarding what this system is all about, then your boss will certainly be impressed that you are so interested in the company and interested in learning about new systems like RIM Interface to SharePoint as well as showing initiative and wanting to be ahead of the game.

In order to do this we’ve put together a simple introduction to RIM Interface to SharePoint for the employee that is likely to encounter it soon. To start we will look at the definition of each one.

RIM Interface

RIM is an acronym that stands for Records Information Management. This is a way of storing and organizing the records a company has. In the old days, before technology was a given in the workplace, records were physical and normally stored in files. This took up a huge amount of space and could usually only be stored and organized in one way, unless copies were made that could be cross referenced, but this would naturally get extremely confusing. Not only was it tedious and expensive to store and organize these records, it also put them at danger of being damaged from floods or fires or else being stolen. A RIM interface is a system that allows them to be transferred, stored and organized digitally once they have been declared a record. This allows easy search functions as well as security.


SharePoint is an online document management platform that can be accessed from anywhere in the world, once you have a computer and internet connection. It is browser based, meaning that it can be shared with multiple people to collaborate, but it can also be controlled and access limited to just those with authorization. SharePoint allows users to continuously share and edit documents and other digital content.

RIM Interface to SharePoint

Finally when the two are combined as RIM Interface to SharePoint, it creates the ideal way to organize and store records. SharePoint will be used as a platform for pieces that are being worked on, edited and discussed, and then once they are declared a record, they will go through the interface to the RIM Records and Information Management program, where they can be stored and accessed, but not edited.

What Do You Mean By Citrix Web Interface Customization?

Introducing the art of web interfacing where a customized platform allows users to interact and meet hence increasing the chances of future communication. Although there are distinct kinds of interface programs, web interface is one of them. It allows access to users on the internet to browse information, attain contacts and exchange necessary talks without facing hassles.

Creating a common junction where factors of the internet function efficiently, web interface initiates the generation of networks within the system. Speaking of Citrix Web Interface, this program has been introduced by IBM and is now multinational software. It provides interfacing services like cloud processing as well as desktop operations to customers all over the world.

Assets of Interface Customization

Today there are several companies that are providing interface customization services to manage marketing tasks that require expert handling. Ensuring that the navigation of users is simple, quick and accessible without complications online, interface gives the customers authenticated entrance into applications. This Texan 1989 computing invention today has become popular for the numerous changes and development it has undergone to provide the best interfacing solutions to companies worldwide.

When you browse online for interface customization services you will notice that there are plenty who’re engaged in its sales. Understanding interface technicalities using the Citrix programming module is work of professionals. Customers benefit as their businesses boost and there is increase in production. With the increased profitability that is witnessed through interface customization, you should customize the Citrix complex within your work-space arena for sure.

You will come across plenty of companies, who will provide equipped and professional assistance in setting up the latest versions of the Citrix web interface software. The newest is interface 5.4 that consists of Citrix XenApp that allows users to stay connected through a single portal system known as the central server. With a million Citrix applications being delivered to users connected online, several corporate departments can maintain long distance contacts by sending their office based data at a speed that is efficiently fast.

Under Citrix web interface customization, a standard browser is technically used where centralized applications reduce the rate at of desktop supervision as well as improve security systems. Comprising of regular data update format, Citrix has proven to be a controlled concept that can be installed within your business framework once you hire a skilled team of engineers and IT managers.

What Do You Receive?

1. Online interface customization services will provide to you with a team of experts who’ll administer desktop management costs, display and arrangement within your commercial spaces.

2. Competition reduces externally for the corporation due to excelled longevity in production of sales, communication and marketing. With secured assistance that Citrix web interface is famous for, perform a multitude of tasks and conduct online transactions without delay for your e-commerce websites.

3. Interface customization service is an essential and promising implementation in the IT department. Today dexterous engineers are hired to configure the interfacing system according to your needs and requirements.

How Citrix Web Interface Works?

Citrix web interface is a new kind of interface which provides a direct access to XenApp applications along with content. XenDesktop desktops are also available in this web interface. All the users of this interface can easily access all their details through a homogeneous website browser or the users can take help of the citrix plug-ins which further help in connecting them. This product is absolutely available in two versions, citrix web interface 5.4 and citrix web interface 5.3. Web interfaces are nothing but the elements through which a user enables to check out all the details on internet. It also helps the users to technically communicate with the machine and can search all the details on internet.

The input command of this interface helps the users to manipulate their commands which control the entire computer system. Besides this, the out command permits the computer system to designate the effects of the users’ management or easy to say that all the commands whatever the user has asked for. The citrix web interface can be published in the market also in order to provide the help of its plug-ins to all the users. These publications of the interfaces are made to use it by the users in their computer systems. Apart than that, these interfaces’ publication also makes it very functional and interactive for the users. The more the interface is interactive, the more it becomes user friendly for everyone.

Publication of the interfaces also helps the designers to include new plug-ins or facilities in the website browser which attracts the attention of the users. During designing process and designer may also commit few problems by overloading the web interface. When the designer is introducing many options and plug-ins then it disables the users to use the website freely. Extra options may over-crowd the website, thus the site may become slow during its function. Besides this, to make the website interesting, the designs and graphical backgrounds can also be included. These designs not only enhance the appearance of the website but also help in flashing the details. Some of the high definition websites are designed with the help of Flash software, which is again a heavy one during functionality. That’s why it is usually suggested that the graphical designs in the websites should be light and simple

The basic rules for designing are as follows:

• Avoid heavy designs and graphical blueprints in the website, because it needs long time to open
• Backgrounds should be designed as per the age groups also. Suppose, you are designing a website for various types of toys of children. In that case you should use bright colors and flowers and animals which attract them the most.
• Whatever is not necessary in the site, should not be included in the wireframe.
• The webmasters need to be experienced in checking all the details of the interface and should ensure that the size of the interface can be increased if necessary.

Altogether we can say that citrix web interface is one of the easy ways to manipulate your work online. It can help you in searching all the details and make the website presentable and motivating for their regular users.

Want Citrix web interface customization? InterfacePlanet.com provide custom citrix web interface 5.4 for your corporate brand for all versions of Citrix XenApp and XenDesktop.

Showing Leadership With Kronos Interfaces

How a CIO can enhance their leadership qualities by making the right calls when it comes to interface design How many times have you heard from your DBA that your Kronos interfaces are too complex and that any changes would have to be performed by Kronos? How many times have you sent your most promising resource to a Kronos Connect class only to find they continue to struggle with Connect interfaces? If you are like many Kronos customers your answer is one of frustration and seemingly without a solution. Many DBAs avoid Connect like the plague due to the complexities of Links, Lookup tables and Calculations. We call this a “Kronos Centric Interface Design”.

A Kronos Centric Design paints the CIO into a corner because the CIO is forced to staff Kronos Connect talent or keep going back to the vendor. “What can I do? We chose Connect to interface with Kronos and this is how Connect works. To modify our interfaces we must have a Connect expert and they reside at the very expensive Kronos KGS. Right?”

Wrong. Please read on…

First a little about Kronos interfaces and maintaining staff morale. The CIO must keep in mind that the typical Connect experience is not only frustrating at the senior management level but also down through the ranks of the technical support team. Nobody wants to be able support the Connect interfaces internally more that the CIO’s technical team. That sounds great but how do we do it? How do we interface with Kronos in such a way that our DBA can say with pride that any changes to interfaces are well within the skill sets of the internal technical support staff?

Simple, design the interfaces using the skill sets the support staff bring to the table and minimize the use of Kronos Connect to only accessing the APIs. The CIO has to make his/her staff want to support the interfaces. The CIO will have to show some leadership and express confidence in the support staff in allowing them to design and build the interfaces. We call this approach a “Customer Centric Interface Design.”

But how can that be? Surely if there was an easier way to develop Kronos interfaces everyone would be doing it. Right? Wrong. The customer’s PM will have to make a gutsy call against the advice of the Kronos PM. He/she will need the support of the CIO. How gutsy is your PM?

With a Customer Centric Interface Design your DBA will be very confident in his/her ability to support your interfaces. More importantly the technical support will eagerly want to take ownership of the interfaces. The CIO will emerge a true leader because he/she displayed confidence in his/her staff in deciding to use internal skill sets to develop the interfaces rather that outsource the task to Kronos.

The Kronos interfaces do not have to be the headache that must be outsourced to Kronos. They and actually be a very good team building experience. It just takes a little leadership from the CIO.

Bryan deSilva is pretty well known as the Kronos Guy who spends most of his time working on Wow! projects with Wow! talent, such as, Integration Guru and Oracle DBA Eugene Harrison, SAP FICO, HCM, PP-APO, ABAP, has opinions about the best way to do stuff. This article and his white paper http://www.improvizations.com/kronos-interface-design-strategy/ are examples of these opinions. We welcome your comments and discussion.

Java Interface Overview

Interface: Interfaces can be used to implement the Inheritance relationship between the non-related classes that do not belongs to the same hierarchy, i.e. any Class and any where in hierarchy. Using Interface, you can specify what a class must do but not how it does.

A class can implement more than one Interface.
An Interface can extend one or more interfaces, by using the keyword extends.
All the data members in the interface are public, static and Final by default.
An Interface method can have only Public, default and Abstract modifiers.
An Interface is loaded in memory only when it is needed for the first time.
A Class, which implements an Interface, needs to provide the implementation of all the methods in that Interface.
If the Implementation for all the methods declared in the Interface are not provided , the class itself has to declare abstract, other wise the Class will not compile.
If a class Implements two interface and both the Intfs have identical method declaration, it is totally valid.
If a class implements tow interfaces both have identical method name and argument list, but different return types, the code will not compile.
An Interface can’t be instantiated. Intf Are designed to support dynamic method resolution at run time.
An interface can not be native, static, synchronize, final, protected or private.
The Interface fields can’t be Private or Protected.
A Transient variables and Volatile variables can not be members of Interface.
The extends keyword should not used after the Implements keyword, the Extends must always come before the Implements keyword.
A top level Interface can not be declared as static or final.
If an Interface species an exception list for a method, then the class implementing the interface need not declare the method with the exception list.
If an Interface can’t specify an exception list for a method, the class can’t throw an exception.
If an Interface does not specify the exception list for a method, he class can not throw any exception list.
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